January 8, 2012

Anderson Hind of Crowle

By Angus Townley



Anderson’s Father John Hind moved to Crowle not long after he and Elizabeth Anderson were married in Epworth on 3rd October 1800.

In 1802 John Hind bought a Corn Mill in Crowle from Mr James Turner. This was the year in which Anderson, the eldest child of John & Elizabeth, was born.

Under the Crowle Enclosure Award of 1822 John Hind was awarded a total of 10 acres including the following plots of land;

Location                        Area (A-R-P)    Number on enclosure plan
Crowle Field                  1-0-25                 42
Dun Side                        0-0-39                 96
Yorkshire Common     1-0-27                 96
Yorkshire Moor            3-2-0                102
Yorkshire Common     1-0-26               112

In 1853 the when it passed to Anderson and his brothers the mill is described as being a “Plot of land in Crowle field, marked as 42 on the enclosure map and known as Mill Close and also Brick Smock Corn windmill with Stable and Buildings”2.

Anderson was clearly destined to follow in his father’s footsteps as he is shown as being a Miller along with his father in the 1828 and 1835 Pigot’s directries.

In the 1851 Census John, the son of Anderson Hind, occupation is shown as Miller and he is living with his grandparents. However a year later, in 1852, he died at the age of 26. One can only speculate that this death led to Anderson’s father John transferring ownership of the mill to his sons. In any case John Hind senior was already 75. [I seem to remember seeing a document that showed the Mill and close were subsequently sold to Elijah Fillingham, though can not find my notes.]

In 1829 Anderson began to rent land from Thomas Lightfoot. Initially Anderson rented 35 acres of warpland at £50/acre, though in 1830 this reduced to £42/acre. In 1837 the acreage was increased to 64. It appears that the original 35 acres was known as Canal Side. Apart from this the account book does not detail the acreage that was rented. By 1879, when the account books finish, Anderson Hind was paying £679-10 each half year for the land, then rented from R.P Johnson. During the time that Anderson was farming this land it had passed from Thos lightfoot to his son T.S Lightfoot before being sold to RP Johnson.

Another account books detail the amount paid for land rented from RPS Johnson of Temple Belwood. This was for land called Tetley Side containing between 40 and 50 acres. This rent for this land was initially set at £50/acre in 1833

The account book has an interesting detail showing what crops were being grown in 1834

12 Acres Potatoes
9 Acres Peas
9 Acres Marlin
9 Acres Oats
8 Acres Turnips
8 Acres Meadow
1¼ Acres Winter Turnip
4¼ Acres Warp Wheat
4 Acres Moor T
3 Acres Moor Rape
¾ Acres Oats
The 1851 census describes Anderson’s occupation as Farmer, 700 acres and in the 1861 his occupation is further elaborated as Farmer 700 acres employing 13 labourers and 7 boys.

Clearly most of the land he farmed was rented though unfortunately the surviving rent books, described above, at the Lincolnshire archives do not appear to detail all his rented property.

In 1871 census although he is still described as a farmer, the acreage quoted is only of 60 acres which approximately equates to the land he actually owned. I believe that by then, at the age of 70, he had effectively retired. The 1881 census describes him as a farmer.

The land Anderson Hind actually owned himself was built up over his life. The land was acquired in bequests from his Father and Matthias Dudding in addition to being purchased from a number of people. In addition to the land Anderson Hind built up a portfolio of buildings, including 2/3 shops, farm buildings in Crowle, houses, a farm in Haxey and a property in Doncaster (which may have been a pub).

It appears that from at least 1841 Anderson lived at the Tithe House, a house no longer standing but was situated on Vicar’s walk where Manor Gardens sheltered housing is now located. It is likely that the farm house came with renting land from Thomas Lightfoot as he owned the house. In 1859 Anderson bought the house along with a number of other properties from TS Lightfoot. In 1885 the Tithe House failed to sell at Auction and it was eventually sold in 1900 to Wiliam Wainman, who had been renting the property from the trustees of the will for a number of years. The house became a convent, with girls’ school, some time early in the 20th century. The convent closed sometime early in the 1950s’ and was left empty for a number of years before being demolished to make way for Manor Gardens. I understand that the house was originally built around 1721 by Richard Clark and that on his death he was buried in the grounds.

The Thythe House as it appeared in the 1950s. Photo courtesy Bill Goldthorp

Anderson Hind died on 1884. It was clear that he had had been ill for a number of years as in the 1881 census he is shown as being blind. He was also unable to attend the foundation stone laying at the new Epworth Baptist Schoolroom in 18817

His will appointed three trustees to adminster his will, his son-in-law William Henry Mallett of Nottingham, a Lace Manufacturer, Samual Simpson of Doncaster, Land Valuer and his Solicitor, Alfred Parkin of Doncaster.

The first will, dated 11 August 1882, transferred all his property to the trustees in order that they might raise funds to provide legacies as follows;

  • £100 to each of the trustees of the will and Alfred Parkin to be paid for his services.
  • £30 annuity for Susannah Whitely, the house keeper of Matthias Dudding, which was required under Matthias Dudding’s will.
  • £2000 to the children of his late son Joseph Hind when they attain the age of 21. The investment income from this legacy to be provided to Joseph’s Widow Mary Hind.
  • A specific bequest was made to his Grandson Robert Anderson Hind, son of the late Joseph Hind on attaining the age of 21. “The principal sum and interest there owing to me on the Mortgage of his late father’s estate at Crowle which is now in my possession as Mortgagee thereof and I direct my said executors to recover the mortgaged estate to my said Gradson free from mortgage dept.”
  • £2000 to obtain annual income for maintenance, education and support of the child of his late Daughter Mary Hudson.
  • £2000 for the children of his late son James. The investment income from this legacy to be provided to James’s Widow Mary Ann Hind.
  • £2000 to the children of William Anderson Hind. The investment income from this legacy to be provided to Clara Hind.
  • £2000 to be set asside to provide interest to Ann Dewsbury (his Daughter) and on her death to be split amongst all her children.
  • £2500 to his grand daughter Sarah Elizabeth Mallett
  • £666 for maintenance support etc of Sarah Elizabeth Wainwright, daughter of my late grand daughter Sarah Ann Elizabeth Wainwright.
  • £666 to Ann Louisa Brunyee, one of the children of my late daughter Elizabeth Lazenby
  • £666 to grand daughter Emily Ann Hind Tapling and her children
  • £30/year to General Baptist Society at Crowle.
  • £25 to servant James Slack
  • £50 to servant Elias Sergantson
  • To Grand Daughter Elizabeth Hind, daughter of Joseph Hind – his Wife’s Watch.
  • To Alfred Parkin £300, being the amount adavanced to his son William Anderson Hind.
  • Residue of the estate was to be split 7 ways between
    • Widow & Children of late son James Hind
    • Widow & Children of late son Joseph Hind
    • Children of Late Daughter Mary Hudson
    • Children of son William Anderson Hind
    • Daughter Ann Dewsbury and her children
    • Grand Daughter Sarah Elizabeth Mallett
    • G.G. Daughter Sarah Elizabeth Wainwright and GD Ada Louise Brunyee

A codicil dated 11th August 1882 modified the will as follows

I direct that the children of my son William Anderson Hind shall take equally the share and interest which under my will WA Hind would be entitled.

  • Housekeeper Sophia Anderson legacy of £20
  • Daughter Ann Dewsbury £1000 in addition to the provisions of the will.

A 2nd codicil dated 8th June 1883

It appears that WA Hind had repaid Alfred Parkin. Also the furniture and household effects bought for William Anderson Hind were to be divided amongst his children.

A 3rd Codicil, dated 8th June, erroneously referred to as his 2nd codicil provides the following additional legacies to his servants on condition that they are in his service at the time of his death

  • £25 to James Slack
  • £50 to Elias Sergeantson

Probate was granted on 16th June 1885 and Anderson’s Gross personal estate was valued at £15,934-6-9. A considerable amount which at 2006 value is £1.4m9 or so, though if this were calculated using land and property values would be significantly more.

On the 16th & 17th December 1884 the trustees held an auction at the Tithe House to sell all his personal effects, household furniture, livestock, produce, implements and a four wheeled phaeton coach and harness.

The auctioneer’s poster makes interesting reading as everything from a mahogany ‘loo’ table (card tables to play a card game called Waterloo) to toilet covers, copper kettles, dolly tubs are listed. The Live stock includes a Red Milk Cow, Black Cob, 9 years old, 1 fat and 2 store Pigs and about 50 fowls. The agricultural part of the sale included stacks of hay, clove, mangold wurtzels in addition to farm implements. It appears that the produce was in the ‘spens’ which may have been all that he was cultivating – the rest being rented out.

The property in Crowle was initially auctioned on the 29th May 1885. Although 21 lots (see appendix 1) were put up to be sold only 8 lots were sold raising a total of £2006-1-4. The unsold properties were rented out for a total rent of £281/year. It was not until 25th Day of June 1900 at the Darby and Joan Hotel when the remainder of the property in Crowle was sold. Coneygarth Farm in Haxey was put up for sale at the Duke William Inn, Haxey on 30th July 1900.

15 years seems an exceptionally long time for the Trustees to eventually sell Anderson Hind’s property, however one needs to remember that British agriculture had started to go into recession from 1870 and clearly the 1880’s were not a good time to be selling farm land.

Appendix 1 – Hinds in Crowle Directories

Appendix 2 – Crowle Properties put up for Auction by the Trustees of Anderson Hind’s Will in 1885

Particulars and Conditions of Sale

Of Freehold and Copyhold Property at Crowle advertised to be sold by Mr Wm. Handing by order of the trustees of the late Anderson Hind at The Cross Keys Hotel in Crowle on Friday 29th May 1885

Lot 1 – All that Freehold Messuage or DWELLINGHOUSE, situate near the Church, with out-offices, barn, Farm Buildings, Carriage House, Ornamental and Kitchen Gardens, Orchard, Yards, Foldyard and Stackyard therto belonging known as Tithe House, lately occupied by Mr Anderson Hind, and containing 9295 square yards.

Lot 2 – A freehold GRASS PADOCK at the back therof. 2-2-15

Lot 3 – SIX COTTAGES with Gardens on Godnow Road, containing 5070 square yards

Lot 4 – TWO COTTAGES on Common Side, occupied by Mrs Key and Mr Thos. Eyre containing 3578 square yards

Lot 5 – A Grocer and Draper’s SHOP with Dwellinghouse, Warehouse, Stable, Coach House, and Garden thereto situate near the Marketplace having a frontage to Back Lane, occupied by Mr T.C. Horrobin containing 720 square yards. A Wine and Spirit License is attached to these premises.

Lot 6 – A Freehold DWELLINGHOUSE SHOP, and premises opposite Lot 5, and occupied by Mr Wm. Armitage, containing 425 square yards.

Lot 7 – A DWELLINGHOUSE Garden and Premises occupied by the Rev. Isaac Hatfield, containing 1007 square yards.

Lot 8 – TWO DWELLINGHOUSES with Barn, Stable, Fold and Stack yards, Garden, and Paddock,in North Street occupied by Mr George Leggott, containing 1402 square yards.

Lot 9 – A Close of Freehold Grass LAND adjoining the High Street and Godnow Road, called Broadfleet Croft, occupied by Mr Wm. Carr, containing 2-0-0

Lot 10 – A Close of Freehold Grass LAND on Common Side called River Close containing 7-2-35

Lot 11 – A Close of Freehold Grass LAND near therto called Tupitack Close occupied by Mr Young Emerson, containing 1-1-33

Lot 12 – A Close of Freehold Grass LAND on Cemetery Road occupied by Mr Elijah Fillingham 1-1-37

Lot 13 – A GARDEN near Pinfold Corner containing 1955 square yards

Lot 14 – A Close of Freehold Grass LAND called Pit Hills, containing 3-1-5

Lot 15 – A Close of Grass LAND, called Brickyard Close, containing 5-1-0

Lot 16 – A Close of Freehold and Copyhold Arable LAND on the Yorkshire Common, and near the town, called Yorkshire Right, containing 1-1-22

Lot 17 – A Close of Grass LAND on the east side of Eastoft Road, called Ings Close containing 1-2-2

Lot 18 – A Close of Freehold Grass LAND formerly 3 closes, near thereto, in Ings Lane, called Far Ings. 4-2-25

Lot 19 – A Close of Freehold Grass LAND on the West Side of Eastoft Road, called Sands Causeway Close, containing 2-0-28

Lot 20 – A Close of Freehold Grass LAND near Crowle Railway Station, called Spen Lane Close, containing 3-3-36

Lot 21 – A Parcel of Freehold Grass LAND leading to the last lot, called Spen Lane, containing 1-0-24


Appendix 3 – Crowle Properties put up for Auction by the Trustees of Anderson Hind’s Will in 1900

Crowle, Lincolnshire. Valuable Freehold and Copyhold House and Land to be sold by Auction at the Darby and Joan Hotel on Monday 25th Day of June 1900 3pm
By order of the trustees for sale under the will of the late Mr Anderson Hind.

Lot 1 – Freehold Dwelling House known as “Tithe House”

Lot 2 – Freehold Paddock

Lot 3 – Six Cottages on Godnow Road

Lot 4 – Two Cottages on Common Side, occupied by Jackson and Eyre

Lot 5 – Close of Freehold Land on Common Side called River Close occuied by Walter Jaques

Lot 6 – A Close of Freehold and Copyhold Arable LAND on the Yorkshire Common called Yorkshire Right occupied by E Sargeantson

Lot 7 – A Close of Land on the east side of Eastoft Road, called Ings Close occupied by James Gibbs

Lot 8 – A Close of Freehold Grass Land called Far Ings occupied by George Otoby.

Lot 9 – A Close of Freehold Land on the West Side of Eastoft Road, called Sands Causeway Close,

Lot 11 – Copyhold Dwellinghouse Shop, Warehouse & Garden at Southend occupied by Mr Henry Parkin

Lot 12 – A close of Freehold Land called Pit Hills. Part of close taken by Axholme Light Railway.

From the Lincoln Archivist Report 1957

The kindness of the late R. W. Tonge, Esq., of Epworth and subsequently of his executors, made possible the deposit with the committee of a number of documents concerning the Isle of Axholme. The largest portion of the deposit is taken up with a group of miscellaneous title deeds for various places in the Isle of Axholme and neighbouring places These are concerned with a great variety of small pieces of land which were passing rapidly from hand to hand in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries; it has proved impossible to distinguish any groups among them. They are of considerable topographical interest and the variety of occupations of the parties throws some light on the specialised industry and commerce of the Isle for it includes weavers, sackweavers, flaxdressers and ropers and a clockmaker (Thomas Kilham) as well as mariners and ships’ carpenters. The importance of flax-growing is demonstrated not only by hempyards, hemp crofts or hemplands near to houses but to selions of arable “for hemp“ lying out in the open fields.

One small group of deeds forms a title to a single property in the

‘ ‘Eliers” , the low-lying area in the north west of Epworth parish which would appear from these documents to have been made up by successive intake and reclamation of small pieces of carr-land, from the 13th century onwards. There is much interesting topographical detail, which illustrates the stages of clearance and drainage.- The deeds are the title to a portion of the estates ultimately held by the numerous and important family of Maw.

The most unusual feature of this deposit is the Epworth.Bapt.ist book, which is apparently the earliest survlvmg record of a dissenting community whose origms can be seen in the archdeaconal Visitation books of 1623, 1631 and 1635 (Viij/l, 2, 3).

The contents of this book, which is at once register, minute book and estate memoranda book, cover the period 1673-1818 and provide much evidence, of a date considerably earlier than has been expected, of the organisation of the Lincolnshire Baptist congregations. There appear to have been fro-m the first “travelling ministers” supported by the contributions of the congregations and serving a wider area than Axholme, as well as elders and deacons elected by the individual congregations. As early as 1699 bequests were made to “the chest at Lincoln for the common stock” and representatives were regularly nominated, from 1739 onwards, for the “Association at Lincoln”. The Axholme congregations at Epworth and Butterwick met regularly to fix church meetings and days of fasting and remembrance, to arrange for the ordination of elders and deacons, to inquire into discipline and expel the few backsliders (drunkenness, failure to attend meeting and a relapse into Methodism are among the causes given) and to administer the church estates which seem to have been considerable. A certain number of ‘births and marriages are recorded; as well as occasional lists of mem bers, but it is difficult to believe that they constitute a complete record of the congregation. A similar book of the Bourne Baptist Church (1702 1891) was described in The Baptist Quartedy (vol. XV no. 5, 1954), F. J. Mason, The Old Minute Book of Bourne Baptist Church.

S u m m a r y o f d e p o s i t

Epworth Baptist book, 1673-1818.

Title deeds: Maw property in the Ellers, Epworth, 1392-1691, 16.

Title deeds: miscellaneous: Belton, 1701-29, 5; Nether Bumham 1710-

28, 4; Craiselound 16681722, 3; Epworth. 1651-1803, 55; Haxey

1601-1848, 29; Kinmell Ferry, 16481728, 7; Kirton Lmdse , 1726;

Owston 1601-1714, 4. co. York: Barmby on Dun 1667;Fishlake

16881797, 5; Hatfield, 1711-35, 3.

Apprenticeship indentures: 1722-1848, 5

Notes from Title Deeds Documents

Although this information was obtained from the draft title deeds that were pulled together for the auction sale some of the information appears to be contradictory. I need to review to better understand this.

The property in Crowle that was put up to be Auctioned in 1885 was;

1 Tithe house on Vicars Walk – This appears to have been bought from TS Lightfoot on 3rd May 1859, though it would appear that Anderson Hind had lived here for much longer [When did Anderson move into Tithe House?]. This was not sold after the 1885 sale and was rented to William Wainman who bought it from the Trustees on Anderson Hind’s will in 1900.

2 Large Close behind Tithe house. Bought and sold with House.

3 Six Cottages on Godnow Road. The land appears to have been bought by Anderson Hind in 1842 from John Potts for £90. As the cottages are not mentioned I assume that Anderson built the cottages shortly after buying the land. In the census these cottages are referred to as ‘Tanners Cottages’ in John Hind’s Will.

4 Two Cottages on Commonside (Corner of Potts Lane and Windsor Road). This appears to have been acquired at the same time as the Garden near Pinfold Corner from Peter Taffinder, William Taffinder and Harriet his wife and Thomas Foster. On 29th April 1847.

5 Grocer and Draper’s Shop occupied by T.C. Horobin (Now Grannie Annie’s). This was acquired by Anderson Hind in 1845 from George Nicholson and his Wife Ann for £430. Nicholson was admitted in April 1810 on surrender of John Brunyee Maw. At the 1885 Auction this was sold to Mr Thomas Crewe Horobin.for £800.

6 House & Shop opposite 5 (Between Cross Keys and George & Dragon). Thi swas acquired by Anderson Hind in 1859 from TS Lightfoot, who had been left the property in the will of his father T Lightfoot, who died in 18 Nov 1858. When Thomas Lightfoot was admitted in 1826 the property was described as Yard, Saddler’s shop outbuildings and appts near market place now in the occupation of of William Moody bounded to the east by Town Street, West W Cundall (late Maw Venables) on North by Mr Glossop (late Staries) and on South by the Cross Keys inn. At the 1885 auction this property was sold to SC Brunyee for £225.

7 House in South End (Not identified yet!). 2nd November 1854. Anderson Hind acquired the property from Cornelius Van Valkenburgh Thompson (late of New Buckingham Treet, New Kent Road now of Cold Harbour Lane, Clerkenwell). Described as “All that cottage or tenement formerly described as a “common right cottage” house situated at the North End of Crowle wherein Miss Sarah Thompson, formerly dwelt. Garden Orchard etc. Bounded by Benjamin Snowden purchased of Robert Popplewell Johnson on the North, The Asker Lane or Church Lane or Church Road South, the Town Street East and by cottages belonging to Abraham Burkinshaw? Late of the estate of the ?? of John Dowson on the West and now in the occupation of A Hind to which said cottage or tenement the said CnVV Thompson was admitted.

8 Two Houses with Barns etc on North Street

9 Broad-Fleet Croft, referred to as Orchard Croft on Plan (Half of the old Kitchen’s site at the corner of High Street and Godnow Road). Acquired by Anderson in 1837 for £194. This was part of an ancient enclosure allotted to JS Woodruffe. Sold at the 1885 auction for £280.

10 River Close (On Windsor road)

11 Tupitack Close (On corner of Windsor Road and Johnson Lane). This was acquired from the Heirs of Rev Jonathan Harrison of Flixborough (Henry Haarrison, Rev Geo Harrison, John Davy and Elizabeth Jane, his wife and Edward Harrison Green) in 1859 for £215. At that time it was occupied by George Sayle. Sold at the 1885 auction for £167-9-4

12 Fillingham’s close (on Mill Road). This was left to Anderson by Matthias Dudding on his death in 1859. Matthias Dudding had acquired the land in 1839 on surrender by George Nicholson and his wife Ann for £198. In Matthias Dudding’s will this is referred to as Nicholson’s croft. Sold at the 1885 auction for £210

13 Garden on Pinfold Corner. This appears to have been acquired in 1847 on surrender of Peter Taffinder, William Taffinder and Harriet his wife and Thomas Foster. Descibed in copyhold document as being bounded by Jonathan Sayle to East, High Road leading to Eastoft on the West and by premises belonging to Mr John Hind on North and South and was then in occupancy of Jno Marke? Sold at the 1885 auction for £41

14 Pit Holes Close (On Eastoft Road opposite old Railway Station, now partly taken by the railway cutting. This was left to Anderson Hind by his father ohn Hind. Anderson being admitted 29/30 Jun 1853

15 Brickyard Close (On Brewery Road) – Acquired by Anderson Hind from John Fletcher 18 April 1839 for £415. In the original deeds this close seems to have been called Grime Hill Close. The lane to the south was known as Grime Hill Road.

16 Yorkshire Right (On Yorkshire Common).

17 Ings Close (On Eastoft Road halfway between Crowle and Eastoft.) This is mentioned in John Hind’s Will and is originally bequeathed to Thomas, though the Codicil split the estate three ways. 8th March 1868 Surrender of Ings Close by Joseph Hind of Orton Waterville to Anderson Hind in consideration of the sum of £420 advanced by Anderson. Joseph Hind originally admitted 5th May 1858 on surrender of Sayles Scholey.

18 Far Ings (On Eastoft Road halfway between Crowle and Eastoft.). This appears to be the “3 closes or pieces of land” mentioned in Matthias Dudding’s will..

19 Sands Causeway Close (On Eastoft Road halfway between Crowle and Eastoft.) This was left to Anderson by Matthias Dudding on his death in 1859. Matthias Dudding had acquired the land in 1826 James Lisle for £87.10.

20 Spen Lane Close (In Ealand, somewhere about where the clubhouse for 7 Lakes is now located) – This was left to Anderson by Matthias Dudding on his death in 1859. Matthias Dudding had acquired the land in 1828 on the death of his father Matthias Dudding. Sold at the 1885 auction for £222-12-0

21 Spen Lane (In Ealand, opposite the old South Yorkshire Hotel). This was left to Anderson by Matthias Dudding on his death in 1859. Matthias Dudding had acquired the land in 1828 on the death of his father Matthias Dudding. Sold at the 1885 auction for £60