Beer House Licenses
Ale Houses Act of 1551
Prior to 1828 Pubs were licensed under the Ale Houses Act of 1551; An Act for Keepers of Ale-houses to be bound by Recognisances.
It was passed to control the “abuses and disorders as are had and used in common ale-houses”, and laid the foundation of modern licensing law.
No-one was to be permitted to keep an ale-house without being so licensed by the Justices at Quarter Sessions, and the Justices were to take bond and surety of the keepers of common ale-houses and tippling-houses. This surety was to prevent the playing of unlawful games as well as for the maintenance of public order.
It was repealed by section 35 of the Alehouse Act 1828.
For Crowle this meant that Ale-house keepers had to obtain a license from the Lindsey Quarter Sessions.
The wording of the license;
[John Smith of Crowle] in the said parts acknowledges to owe our sovereign Lord the King the sum of [Ten Pounds]
[Enoch Margrave] in the said parts acknowledges to owe our sovereign Lord the King the sum of [Ten Pounds]
To be levied on their several Goods and Chattels, Lands and Tenements by Way of Recognizance to His Majesty’s Use . Upon Condition that whereas [John Smith] is this day licensed to keep a common Ale-house or Victualling-House in the Parish of [Crowle] in the said parts for the Term of one Year only, from the twenty-ninth Day of September, Instant. If therefore the said [John Smith] shall keep good Order and Government, and suffer no Disorder to be committed, or unlawful Games to be used in the said House, Yard, Garden or Backside thereunto belonging, during the Continuance of the said License, THEN this Recognizance to be void, or else remain in full Force.
Taken and acknowledged this [fifth] Day of September,  before us [Robert Webb] [Cornelius Stovin]
Crowle Beer House Licenses
Licenses granted before Robert Webb & Cornelius Stovin on 5th September 1804
John Smith of Crowle (Enoch Margrave of Same)
John Stephenson of Crowle (Enoch Margrave of Same)
James Isle of Crowle (William Kellsebell of Althorpe)
Thomas Isle of Crowle (George Thorpe of same)
John Watson of Crowle (John Hall of same)
Licenses granted before Cornelius Stovin & Alexander Johnson on 18th September 1805
John Smith of Crowle (Richard Bustwistle of Belton)
Thomas Isle of Crowle (John Thorpe of same)
John Stepehnson of Crowle (George Seaton of same)
John Watson of Crowle (George Seaton of same)
Lincolnshire archives have a number of certificates for Crowle from the Lindsey Quarter Sessions. Unfortunately to date I have only been able to look at 1804 and 1805.
The number of certificates for each year they have records for Crowle are indicated below.
1792, 3; 1796, 4; 1797, 4; 1798, 4; 1799, 4; 1802, 4; 1803, 4; 1804, 5; 1805, 5; 1806, 5; 1807, 5; 1808, 5; 1809, 0; 1810, 5; 1811, 5; 1812, 5; 1813, 5; 1814, 0; 1815, 5; 1816, 5; 1817, 5; 1818, 5; 1819, 5; 1820, 4; 1821, 5; 1823, 8; 1824, 6; 1825, 6; 1826, 5; 1827, 6; 1828, 6
LQS D/1/9/10/4 (Manley W)
Will – Scholey, Samuel (8 Feb 1866)
Reference Name WILLS/1873/ii/891
Name: Scholey, Samuel
Profession: Beerhouse Keeper
Place: Crowle, Lincolnshire
Date: 8 Feb 1866